3rd Learning Activity

E-Learning Activity: Learning Reflection

It was a great and beneficial experience to be part of MOOC. The five sessions and all the activities have made me learn a lot. Previously I was not very familiar with Open Educational Resources but on this platform, I have got to opportunity to know about OER and its implications on worldwide education. The Open Educational resources will allow the sharing of ideas to flow from one country to another and hence the chain of knowledge will keep on growing. There will be equality in the quality of education all over the world, in other words, it will be a blessing to people.

Since for an educator, sharing of knowledge means a lot, I have been able to learn in session three that not all resources are free to copy and to reuse. It’s very important to see whether the resources are copyrighted or not since there are too many restrictions with copyrighted materials, and so I have deduced that copyright is a barrier to “openness” in education.

From session four, the knowledge of Creative Commons was as a blessing to know that creative commons licensed work have already the permissions granted for anyone to use the contents in the way they wish. Thus Creative Commons provides the legal tools that help authors manage their property rights and permissions associated with their creative works. By doing the researches for Activity 4.1, I was able to know better about the different licenses associated with the creations of others.

Moreover from session 5, I was able to understand that in order to reduce the number of out-of-school children around the world, it is very important that the creators choose the right license. In my opinion, the best license will be the CC BY since it allows the freedom to reuse, revise, remix or redistribute the resources which is very important for an educator.

Thus all educators around the world will have to work together in modifying and redistributing contents so as to contribute, hand in hand with the OER University in making free educational resources reach all the students worldwide. #OCL4Ed

Free learning for all students worldwide

If every teacher in the world donate one day of their year to developing an OER teaching resource, then the day will not be too far for the students of all over the world to get access to education. All the worldwide educators will be working together in reusing, modifying and redistributing of materials so as to offer the best contents to students. In this way, there will be an equality in the level of education worldwide.

Thus this will be a great contribution that will enable the OER University in attaining its aim to provide free learning opportunities for all post-secondary students around the world. #OCL4Ed

Should OER permit commercial use?

The objective of educators is to share and to deliver quality education to children so as to prepare them for future challenges and in a way contributing in building a better world through the upcoming generation. Educators are not trying to make money out of the educational resources, thus for me there should be no NC in education.

Consider a poem writer, if he earns a living only from his talent then I think it would be wise for him to put the NC restriction to his creations. As far as education is concerned, there should be no NC restrictions. #OCL4Ed

Video Reflection: Chris Betcher

As an educator, I agree with Chris Betcher that, working with kids means to build the future generation of culture and so, educators cannot work under restrictions. Educators should be given the permissions in advance to use any educational resources that they may copy and distribute to students.

The aim of the educators is only to share knowledge and not to make money, so I believe that the Non-Commercial (NC) restriction should be removed from educational resources. #OCL4Ed

Impact of license choice on the essentials of freedom

In my point of view, compared to CC BY-SA, CC BY is the best license to be applied to educational resources. As an educator, the permissions to reuse, modify and redistribute the teaching contents are very important. Education is an updating process and in order to meet the requirements needed to give quality education to students, CC BY licensed educational contents will be a blessing.
#OCL4Ed

 

My views on Ahrash Bissell’s recommendation

In my opinion, educational resources should be completely “open”, so I agree with Ahrash Bissell’s recommendation that the best license to use when sharing educational resources should be CC-BY. When it concerns education, there should be complete freedom to reuse, revise, remix or redistribute the resources and of course, the credit should be given to the original creator.

Thus in order to equalize the quality of education all around the world, the best license to use with educational materials is CC-BY. #OCL4Ed

Thoughts on: The Right License

Thank You Frances to make me realize that there are so many millions of children who have no access to education throughout the world. As time is flying, the demands for education is increasing very rapidly and to meet this demand, the solution is to give Open education. OER will greatly contribute in making quality education reach the millions of out-of-school children but for that to be possible, it is truly very important to choose the correct license where there is almost no restrictions.

I completely agree that by choosing the right license, the day when the world will be celebrating free education, is not too far. #OCL4Ed

E-Activity – Remix and reflection

When science was introduced at school, I was astonished to hear that the sun that we can see high up in  the sky is not the big bright ball that we used to think. So, I came to know about the solar system and my interest grew in knowing about the mystery of the universe.  As I grew up, “Astronomy” became my passion.

From Wikipedia:

Astronomy is a natural science that is the study of celestial objects (such as moonsplanetsstarsnebulae, and galaxies), the physicschemistry,mathematics, and evolution of such objects, and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth, including supernovae explosionsgamma ray bursts, and cosmic background radiation.

In early times, astronomy only comprised the observation and predictions of the motions of objects visible to the naked eye.From these observations, early ideas about the motions of the planets were formed, and the nature of the Sun, Moon and the Earth in the universe were explored philosophically. The Earth was believed to be the center of the universe with the Sun, the Moon and the stars rotating around it. This is known as the geocentric model of the universe, or the Ptolemaic system, named after Ptolemy.

[Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License]

 

File:LH 95.jpg

star-forming region in the Large Magellanic Cloud, an irregular galaxy.

[This file is in the public domain]

Later when I heard the word “eclipse”, my interest grew in knowing about the types of eclipses that exists and so I referred to Wikipedia where I came across the following:

An eclipse is an astronomical event that occurs when an astronomical object is temporarily obscured, either by passing into the shadow of another body or by having another body pass between it and the viewer. 

The term eclipse is most often used to describe either a solar eclipse, when the Moon’s shadow crosses the Earth’s surface, or a lunar eclipse, when the Moon moves into the Earth’s shadow. However, it can also refer to such events beyond the Earth-Moon system: for example, a planet moving into the shadow cast by one of its moons, a moon passing into the shadow cast by its host planet, or a moon passing into the shadow of another moon. A binary star system can also produce eclipses if the plane of the orbit of its constituent stars intersects the observer’s position.

As observed from the Earth, a solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes in front of the Sun. The type of solar eclipse event depends on the distance of the Moon from the Earth during the event. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Earth intersects the umbra portion of the Moon’s shadow. When the umbra does not reach the surface of the Earth, the Sun is only partially occulted, resulting in an annular eclipse. Partial solar eclipses occur when the viewer is inside the penumbra.[1]

The eclipse magnitude is the fraction of the Sun’s diameter that is covered by the Moon. For a total eclipse, this value is always greater than or equal to one. In both annular and total eclipses, the eclipse magnitude is the ratio of the angular sizes of the Moon to the Sun.[2]

 

 

File:Solar eclipse 1999 4 NR.jpg

Total Solar eclipse 1999 in France

Author:Luc Viatour

[This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported]

w:en:Creative Commons

                                                             attributionshare alike

References:

[1]:^ Hipschman, R. “Solar Eclipse: Why Eclipses Happen”. Retrieved 2008-12-01.

[2]:^ Zombeck, Martin V. (2006). Handbook of Space Astronomy and Astrophysics (Third ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 48. ISBN 0-521-78242-2

 

My reflections:

While searching for the resources for this activity, I got to understand better about the licenses that are associated with the contents. I came to know whether I am permitted to use the information or not and about the conditions attached with the contents.

Though a lot of time was consumed in doing the research work for this activity, I can still agree that Creative Commons has made it quite easy by the user-friendly licenses symbols.

To this post, I am going to apply the RTENOTITLE license.

#OCL4Ed

Closing Reflection: Creative Commons

The Creative Commons License is of great importance to an author as it enables him to manage the copyrights or the permissions associated with his creative works. The Creative Commons License that I prefer is the CC BY since it allows anyone to distribute, remix, tweak and build upon a work by giving credit to the original creation. It is also the license that is recommended by Open Educational Resources Foundation. As an educator, getting the permission to copy, distribute or modify educational contents is very important so as to have a better approach in our method of teaching.

CC licenses are user-friendly since by looking at the abbreviations or symbols, anyone can get to know about the permissions associated with a certain creation, that is whether the work can be reused, remix, redistribute, etc…Creative Commons has enabled the sharing of ideas among people of all around the world by connecting them together and working in collaboration for a better world. #OCL4Ed

Creative Commons Kiwi Video

Using the internet, we can get access to various information, we get exposed to the creations of several people but very often, we don’t know whether we can use these or not. Even if it is posted online,it is necessary to ask for permission before using the creation of others. The Creative Commons kiwi video is a very good example showing that if an author has used the creative common license, then the permission is already given to anyone for using his creation but they should acknowledge him as the true author.
Creative Commons allow the creation of anyone to cross all the distances and to be reused by people around the world.#OCL4Ed